North American F-100 Super Sabre
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Ejection from an F-100
by Herb Arnberger, 55H Class
Some 40 years ago, I joined (gratefully, I might add) the Caterpillar Club. To qualify for this "club" one must parachute to relative safety from a malfunctioning and/or damaged aircraft, thereby ostensibly avoiding severe or fatal injury.
The occasion was one of those "fun" missions ...4vs4 ACM (translated ... four F-100D Super Sabre jets against an identical four-ship force doing Air Combat Maneuvering - further translation: Dog Fighting ). I was as the Instructor Pilot with three "students" from the USAF Fighter Weapons School (FWS) comprising Frisco Flight. All eight airplanes had reached 30,000 feet following different climb out courses. I spotted Tucson, the opposing foursome, and went to engine afterburner power to start the "fur ball" encounter with superior speed. Just as my A/B (afterburner) lit, I felt a jolt in the control stick and soon found out there was absolutely no fore of aft movement - like my machine had no pitch control.
I came out of A/B power and proceeded to fly that otherwise nice, clean ( no tanks, pylons or any other junk hanging from the fuselage and/or wings ) single-seat F-100D for another 40 minutes. During that time I was talking to the ground control guys along with my flight mates while scratching my own wits from shutting off all the electrical power, turning on the autopilot, turning off the flight control damper system axis by axis, and extending the ram air turbine.
I was able to let down to 10,000 feet by using ailerons, rudder, speed brakes & throttle. I had no way to change/control altitude while wings-level except to power back and let the bird stall at 280- 290 knots, a good 130+ knots above normal landing touchdown speed.
Following those exercises and realizing my J-57 Pratt & Whitney engine was a fairly slow spooling (responding) beast, I figured my only reasonable course was to opt for that "nylon letdown".
The Nellis DO (Director of Operations), came up on the radio and gave me the weather at Edwards. I then asked him if he prefer I eject over California rather than Nevada and he came back asking if I was sure ejection was the best course of action. My reply was "If Korean jet ace McConnell couldn't safely land a much more "user friendly" F-86H with an identical pitch control problem, I don't really care for my odds in this machine - sir." He said "Copy . . . good luck".
At that time my FWS Ops Officer, Major Sam Johnson (who later spent 6 years 10 months in the Hanoi Hilton and has been U.S. Congressman from Texas for last 15+ years) came up on the radio and said "Tucson Leader, surface winds at Pork Chop Lake (just southeast of Indian Springs Aux Field) are 25 knots out of the North - you copy?" I came back saying "Affirmative Oakleaf Ops, I copy. And understand that wind velocity is merely double that allowed by the 101st Screaming Eagles for a combat jump!"
So at 10,000 feet above the ground over Pork Chop Lake, I slowed downed to 295 knots, shut off the engine and ejected.
What an experience! Even at less than 300 knots, the air flow force when the canopy jettisoned was formidable. When the seat fired, it felt as nasty as that gnarly (practice ejection) rail I rode back at Willy (Williams AFB AZ) in '57 ... and the chute pulling open out of the backpack was audible music to my ears.
Opening shock wasn't too bad and the 10 minute ride down was truly interesting. Winds aloft for were strong, could be heard going through the shroud lines, and may have caused the two occasions when I got into some pretty nasty oscillations.
About half way down I saw my jet crash and explode not too far from me. I also noticed that I was no longer over Pork Chop Lake's dry bed but rapidly approaching some nasty-looking rocky hills.
The only things I knew about parachuting were to keep your feet together and look at something distant on the horizon as the ground loomed up. From Sam's description of the surface winds I knew that it would be very prudent to spill/collapse the chute immediately upon landing so as to not end up being dragged into literal shredded meat.
I made a typical fighter pilot parachute landing .. heels, ass, head .. all with considerable force. I did have the left riser hardware latch cover down and was able to disconnect and thereby spill the chute without being dragged ... and Sam Johnson's weather report was right on ... the surface wind was a solid 25 knots !
Within 5 minutes, the HH-43 set down within 100 yards and I was soon on board for my first helicopter ride ever. I had ejected at 12:15 pm and by 3 o'clock that afternoon the accident investigators had isolated the cause ... a hydraulic quick disconnect line to horizontal stabilator had malfunctioned, causing the control stick to lock in the pitch axis.
After leaving the Flight Surgeon and taking his complimentary double shot of mission whiskey, I went home, took a hot bath and reported at 8am the next day for a 24 hour shift of Airdrome Officer ... during which just about every moving part in my body ached and hurt from the previous day's activities.
Some 30 years later my kids chipped in and treated me to a sky dive ' adventure'. Though it seemed a little sadistic to me at first, I gritted my teeth and agreed to it.
On March 22, 1992 I did a static jump over Eloy, AZ and rode that big red & gold rectangular chute down to a literal walk on landing. Must admit I couldn't rid myself of the big smile, but when one of my kids asked me if I would like to go for a second sky dive jump, I came back with one of my better Clint Eastwood lines “A man has to know his limitations!"